Global warming is caused by the emissions of greenhouse gases such as Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4), water vapour (H2O), Nitrous Oxide (N2O) and Ozone (O3). CO2 has contributed more than
any other greenhouse gas to global warming since 1750 (IPCC, 2013). CO2 is emitted by burning fossil fuels like coal, gas, oil and burning of agricultural waste and forests. The lifetime of CO2
in the atmosphere is around 300 - 1000 years, which is much longer than for CH4 (around a decade).
Renewable Energy technologies help to reduce the emissions of CO2 to the atmosphere. Examples are:
- Solar energy.
- Wind energy.
MetClim has expertise in creating (1) solar and wind energy atlases, which help governments, industries, universities and
research organisations carefully select locations for the installation of photovoltaic power plants and wind energy farms and (2) providing
accurate wind and solar irradiation forecasts, which help to optimise the electricity power production a few days ahead.
GHI forecasting: rRMSE = ~15%, Bias
Wind forecasting: Bias = < ± 3 % Coastal site; < ± 2 % Offshore; < ± 1 % Land